ST. MARTIN ISLAND:
The geographical information about the island has been described in the project area, The island has a long degradation story since mass tourism starting during 2002. There were several GOB projects but nothing could save St. Martin Island sea turtle nesting habitat and islands unique coral habitat. The total circumference of St. Martin’s is about 16 km, of which 14% or about 2 km is suitable for nesting. Nesting is frequently interrupted by rocks and seawalls and female turtles often make several attempts before successfully laying eggs. Most nesting sites are at the western coast, while the northern nesting sites are threatened by dogs and local people, being closer to the main business center and fish processing zone of St. Martin’s. In comparison, the beaches of the Cheradia islands had characteristics more suited to turtle nesting, with higher slopes and wide sandy areas above the high tide mark even during high tides. Most significantly, the beaches were almost free from disturbance by domestic dogs (Islam, 2001, 2002). In the last 15 years the island Screw pine vegetation land area already severely degraded due to tourism development. Mass tourism, relative disturbances and lighting, marine habitat degradation resulted in declination of 70% of sea turtle nesting after 2000.