Sea turtle populations have been seriously reduced world-wide through a number of human influences. Over-developed coastal areas have reduced natural nesting habitats. Capture of adult turtles for eggs, meat, leather, and tortoise shell has decreased breeding populations. Incidental capture of adults in fishing nets and shrimp trawls has brought one species, the Kemp’s Ridley (Lepidochelys kempi), right to the brink of extinction. For these reasons all species of sea turtle are protected internationally. In Bangladesh also sea turtle protected and Government has signed MoU of the Indian Ocean & South East Asian (IOSEA) sea Turtle Regional Secretariat based in Thailand. The MoU on the Conservation and Management of sea Turtles and their habitat of the Indian Ocean and South East Asian (known as IOSEA marine turtle) puts in place a framework through which states of the Indian ocean and south east Asia region as other concerned states and partners can work together to conserve and replenish depleted marine turtle population and habitats for which they share responsibility. It acknowledges a wide range of threats to marine turtles, including Habitat Destruction, Direct Harvesting and Trade, Fisheries By-Catch, Pollution and other man-induced sources of mortality. A special ?Year of the Turtle? has been declared throughout the Indian Ocean and South East Asian region in 2006, focusing on the following core themes: Celebrating Marine Turtles, taking measures to ensure their Long Time Survival, Conserving Marine Turtle Habitat, Reducing Accidental Capture in fishing operations and Encouraging Applied Research.